Educational Opportunities: Examining Student Differences in Access to High Quality Pre-Kindergarten (Part 2)

Erin M. Baumgartner, Ph.D.

Two students reading

Building on the first report in this series, which looked at the variation in quality among pre-kingdergarten programs in the Houston Independent School District (HISD), this study found there did seem to be a positive connection between test scores and quality benchmarks for some groups. Non-economically disadvantaged appear to benefit from being enrolled in programs which attained a higher number of quality benchmarks. The same was not true, however, for economically disadvantaged students, suggesting that higher quality programs may actually be exacerbating gaps between low-income and higher-income students. Given that this is contrary to previous studies in the district, more investigation into this outcome is needed

Read the brief

Related research in this series:
Equality of Pre-Kindergarten Educational Opportunities: Examining Student Differences in Access to High-Quality Pre-Kindergarten (Part 1)

Additional pre-kindergarten research:
The Benefits of HISD Pre-Kindergarten: The Relationship Between Years of Exposure and School Readiness
Availability of and Equity in Access to HISD Pre-K Programs (Part 1)
Strategies for Increasing Access to HISD Pre-K Programs (Part 2)


8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m. CT


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