The Benefits of HISD Pre-Kindergarten: The Relationship Between Years of Exposure and School Readiness

Erin M. Baumgartner, Ph.D.

Elementary students in a classroom

Research has long linked early childhood education to later academic success and suggested it may be a critical part of closing the persistent academic disparities between student groups. This report found that Houston Independent School District (HISD) students who received two years of pre-k education had a greater likelihood of school readiness than those who only got one. At the same time, however, the vast majority of students in the district’s pre-k program – 90 percent of them – were only enrolled for one year. It also found that many students, whether they attended pre-k with the district or not, were still not ready for kindergarten by the time they got there.

Read the research brief

Additional pre-kindergarten research:
Availability of and Equity in Access to HISD Pre-K Programs (Part 1)
Strategies for Increasing Access to HISD Pre-K Programs (Part 2)
Equality of Pre-Kindergarten Educational Opportunities: Examining Student Differences in Access to High-Quality Pre-Kindergarten (Part 1)
Educational Opportunities: Examining Student Differences in Access to High-Quality Pre-Kindergarten (Part 2)

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